Jiu Jitsu / Jujutsu
Jujutsu is a Japanese martial art and a method of close combat for defeating an armed and armored opponent in which one uses no weapon or only a short weapon.The word jujutsu can be spelled as ju-jitsu/jujitsu, jiu jitsu, ju-jutsu.
Jiu-Jitsu is the technique of suppleness, flexibility, gentleness. The origins of this art can be traced to the period between 1600 and 1650. The late 17th to mid-19th century is considered the golden age of Ju Jitsu during which time more than 700 styles appeared in Japan. Because striking against an armored opponent proved ineffective, practitioners learned that the most efficient methods for neutralizing an enemy took the form of pins, joint locks, and throws. These techniques were developed around the principle of using an attacker's energy against him, rather than directly opposing it.
Ju Jitsu techniques include kicking, striking, kneeing, throwing, choking, joint kicking, holding, and tying, as well as the use of certain weapons. Most systems emphasized only one or two major techniques. Ju Jitsu was always a secondary method of combat to the warrior, since he relied so heavily on his sword.
Today, jujutsu is practiced in both traditional and modern sport forms. Derived sport forms include the Olympic sport and martial art of judo, which was developed by Kan? Jigor? in the late 19th century from several traditional styles of jujutsu, and Brazilian jiu-jitsu, which was derived from earlier (pre–World War II) versions of Kodokan judo.
Although Ju Jitsu techniques are initially learned one at a time in a static position, the essence of Ju Jitsu is the ability to move from one technique to another, or to a second or even a third if needed and as quickly and as often as necessary to control an attacker. Each system emphasizes only a few major techniques (waza). Every technique, is designed to illustrate and teach a
specific principle which can be applied in many different situations.